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Himachal Pradesh History: Unveiling the Past

The history of Himachal Pradesh is based on the Vedas, Puranas and the Mahabharata. It is known as DEV BHOOMI or the abode of Gods. The region now known as Himachal Pradesh comprises of princely states of Banghal, Bilaspur, Chamba, Kinnaur, Kangra, Kutlehar, Kullu, Lahaul Spiti, Mandi, Mahasu, Sirmaur and Suket.  Sujanpur Tira Fort >> Who gave the name “ Himachal Pradesh” ? Ans: Acharya Diwakar Dutt Sharma   1. Who was the founder of Chamba State? Ans: Meru Verma in 550 A.D 2. Who was the founder of Kehlur State? Ans: Veerchand Chandel in 697 A.D 3. Who founded Suket State?  Ans: Veer Sen in 765 A.D 4.  Who founded Nalagarh State? Ans: Ajay Chand in 100 A.D. 5. Who was the founder of Nurpur State? Ans: Tejpal Tomar in 1000 A.D. 6.  Who was the founder of Sirmour State? Ans: Subhansh Prakash in 1195 A.D 7.  Who founded Trigarta State?  Ans: Raja Susharma 8. Who was the founder of the princely state of Mandi? Ans: Raja Bahu Sen in 1200 A.D; A

Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs Quiz: Test Your Knowledge (PART 2)

  1. 31. Which district in Himachal Pradesh is known as the "Land of Red Gold" due to its abundant saffron cultivation? Answer: Kangra Explanation: Kangra district in Himachal Pradesh is known as the "Land of Red Gold" due to its extensive saffron cultivation. The region's favorable climate and soil conditions make it ideal for saffron production.

  2. 32. In which year did Himachal Pradesh become the first Indian state to achieve 100% electrification of all its households? Answer: 1988 Explanation: Himachal Pradesh became the first Indian state to achieve 100% electrification of all its households in the year 1988. The state's efforts in rural electrification have been commendable.

  3. 33. The Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh is named after which legendary figure from Hindu mythology? Answer: Renuka Mata Explanation: The Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh is named after Renuka Mata, who is revered as the embodiment of the goddess and is associated with the sacred Renuka Lake located within the sanctuary.

  4. 34. Which river in Himachal Pradesh is locally known as "Tirthan Nadi" and is famous for trout fishing? Answer: Tirthan River Explanation: The Tirthan River, locally known as "Tirthan Nadi," flows through the Tirthan Valley in Himachal Pradesh. The river is famous for trout fishing and is a popular destination for anglers.

  5. 35. The "Manimahesh Yatra" in Himachal Pradesh is associated with which sacred mountain peak? Answer: Manimahesh Kailash Explanation: The "Manimahesh Yatra" is an annual pilgrimage in Himachal Pradesh dedicated to Lord Shiva. It involves a trek to the sacred Manimahesh Kailash peak, also known as "Chamba Kailash" or "Kailash of the Manimahesh."

  6. 36. Which ancient archaeological site in Himachal Pradesh is renowned for its ancient stone carvings and rock art? Answer: Masrur Explanation: The ancient archaeological site of Masrur in Himachal Pradesh is renowned for its rock-cut temples with intricate stone carvings. It is often referred to as the "Himalayan Pyramid" due to its architectural resemblance.

  7. 37. Who was the first Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh after it became a full-fledged state in 1971? Answer: Yashwant Singh Parmar Explanation: Yashwant Singh Parmar was the first Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh after it became a full-fledged state on January 25, 1971. He played a significant role in the state's formation and development.

  8. 38. Which national park in Himachal Pradesh is known for its population of the elusive and critically endangered snow leopard? Answer: Pin Valley National Park Explanation: Pin Valley National Park in Himachal Pradesh is known for its snow leopard population. The park is located in the cold desert region of Spiti Valley and provides a vital habitat for various rare species.

  9. 39. The famous "Fagli Festival" of Himachal Pradesh is celebrated in which district to mark the end of winter? Answer: Kinnaur Explanation: The "Fagli Festival" is celebrated in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh to mark the end of winter. It is a lively celebration involving traditional dance and music.

  10. 40. Which district in Himachal Pradesh is known as the "Apple Bowl of India" for its extensive apple orchards? Answer: Shimla Explanation: The Shimla district in Himachal Pradesh is known as the "Apple Bowl of India" due to its large-scale apple cultivation and abundance of apple orchards.

  11. 41. Who is the current Governor of Himachal Pradesh as of [2023]? Answer: Shiv Pratap Shukla

  12. 42. The "Lavi Fair," one of the oldest trade fairs in Himachal Pradesh, is celebrated in which town? Answer: Rampur Explanation: The "Lavi Fair" is celebrated in Rampur town of Himachal Pradesh. It is one of the oldest trade fairs in the state and has historical and cultural significance.

  13. 43. Which famous religious festival of Himachal Pradesh involves the ceremonial dressing of deities in exquisite attires? Answer: Kullu Dussehra Explanation: Kullu Dussehra, celebrated in the Kullu Valley of Himachal Pradesh, involves the ceremonial dressing of deities in elaborate attires. The festival is a grand celebration of local culture and traditions.

  14. 44. The "Sisu Fair" in Himachal Pradesh is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of which sage and saint? Answer: Shringi Rishi Explanation: The "Sisu Fair" is celebrated in Himachal Pradesh to mark the birth anniversary of Shringi Rishi, a revered sage and saint. The fair is held with great enthusiasm and devotion.

  15. 45. Which international border crossing connects Himachal Pradesh to Tibet for pilgrimages to Mount Kailash? Answer: Lipulekh Pass Explanation: Lipulekh Pass is an international border crossing that connects Himachal Pradesh to Tibet for pilgrimages to Mount Kailash in Tibet. It serves as a significant route for the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra.

  16. 46. In which district is the famous "Bijli Mahadev Temple," known for its strikingly unique lightning phenomenon? Answer: Kullu Explanation: The "Bijli Mahadev Temple" is located in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. The temple is known for its unique lightning phenomenon, where the Shiva lingam is said to be struck by lightning during thunderstorms, shattering it into pieces.

  17. 47. Which river in Himachal Pradesh is a tributary of the Beas River and is known for its mesmerizing waterfalls? Answer: Parvati River Explanation: The Parvati River is a tributary of the Beas River in Himachal Pradesh. It is known for its mesmerizing waterfalls and is a popular destination for trekkers and nature lovers.

  18. 48. The historical "Kamru Fort" is located in which district of Himachal Pradesh? Answer: Kinnaur Explanation: The "Kamru Fort" is located in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. It is an ancient fort with significant historical importance and offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

  19. 49. Which sacred lake in Himachal Pradesh is associated with the sage Prashar and is famous for its floating island? Answer: Prashar Lake Explanation: Prashar Lake, located in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, is associated with the sage Prashar and is famous for its floating island of vegetation on its surface.

  20. 50. The "Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary" in Himachal Pradesh is known for the conservation of which rare animal species? Answer: Himalayan Tahr Explanation: The "Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary" in Himachal Pradesh is known for the conservation of the rare Himalayan Tahr, a wild goat species found in the high-altitude regions of the Himalayas.

  21. 51. Which famous British-era engineering marvel is a picturesque arched bridge in Kangra Valley? Answer: Kangra Valley Railway Bridge Explanation: The Kangra Valley Railway Bridge, also known as the "Bridge No. 791," is a famous British-era engineering marvel in the Kangra Valley of Himachal Pradesh. It is a picturesque arched bridge over the Ban Ganga River.

  22. 52. In which district is the famous "Bharmour Chaurasi Temple Complex," dedicated to Lord Shiva? Answer: Chamba Explanation: The "Bharmour Chaurasi Temple Complex" is located in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva and consists of 84 ancient temples, each with its unique architectural style.

  23. 53. Which national park in Himachal Pradesh is home to the "Ghoral," a goat-like species found in the Himalayas? Answer: Great Himalayan National Park Explanation: The Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh is home to the "Ghoral," a goat-like species found in the Himalayas. The park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and harbors rich biodiversity.

  24. 54. The famous "Lahaul Festival" in Himachal Pradesh is celebrated to promote the cultural heritage of which region? Answer: Lahaul Valley Explanation: The "Lahaul Festival" is celebrated in Himachal Pradesh to promote the cultural heritage of the Lahaul Valley. The festival showcases traditional music, dance, and handicrafts.

  25. 55. Which is the highest peak in the Dhauladhar Range of Himachal Pradesh? Answer: Hanuman Tibba Explanation: Hanuman Tibba is the highest peak in the Dhauladhar Range of Himachal Pradesh. It is a challenging mountaineering destination.

  26. 56. In which district is the "Bhakra Dam," one of the highest gravity dams in the world, located? Answer: Bilaspur Explanation: The "Bhakra Dam" is located in the Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh. It is one of the highest gravity dams in the world and plays a crucial role in water resource management and power generation.

  27. 57. The "Sari Fair" of Himachal Pradesh is dedicated to which local deity and is celebrated with much fervor? Answer: Lord Shiva Explanation: The "Sari Fair" is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is celebrated with much fervor in Himachal Pradesh. Devotees gather to seek blessings and participate in various cultural activities.

  28. 58. Which town in Himachal Pradesh is known for its natural hot springs and is a popular tourist destination? Answer: Manikaran Explanation: Manikaran, located in the Parvati Valley of Himachal Pradesh, is known for its natural hot springs. It is a popular destination for pilgrims and tourists seeking a spiritual and therapeutic experience.

  29. 59. In which district is the "Sainj Wildlife Sanctuary," a habitat for various endangered species, located? Answer: Kullu Explanation: The "Sainj Wildlife Sanctuary" is located in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. The sanctuary is a protected area and provides a habitat for various endangered species, including the Western Tragopan.

  30. 60. Which ancient temple in Himachal Pradesh is dedicated to Goddess Hidimba and is famous for its unique architecture? Answer: Hidimba Devi Temple Explanation: The Hidimba Devi Temple, located in Manali, Himachal Pradesh, is dedicated to Goddess Hidimba, the wife of Bhima from the Indian epic Mahabharata. The temple is famous for its unique wooden architecture and serene surroundings.

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