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Himachal Pradesh History: Unveiling the Past

The history of Himachal Pradesh is based on the Vedas, Puranas and the Mahabharata. It is known as DEV BHOOMI or the abode of Gods. The region now known as Himachal Pradesh comprises of princely states of Banghal, Bilaspur, Chamba, Kinnaur, Kangra, Kutlehar, Kullu, Lahaul Spiti, Mandi, Mahasu, Sirmaur and Suket.  Sujanpur Tira Fort >> Who gave the name “ Himachal Pradesh” ? Ans: Acharya Diwakar Dutt Sharma   1. Who was the founder of Chamba State? Ans: Meru Verma in 550 A.D 2. Who was the founder of Kehlur State? Ans: Veerchand Chandel in 697 A.D 3. Who founded Suket State?  Ans: Veer Sen in 765 A.D 4.  Who founded Nalagarh State? Ans: Ajay Chand in 100 A.D. 5. Who was the founder of Nurpur State? Ans: Tejpal Tomar in 1000 A.D. 6.  Who was the founder of Sirmour State? Ans: Subhansh Prakash in 1195 A.D 7.  Who founded Trigarta State?  Ans: Raja Susharma 8. Who was the founder of the princely state of Mandi? Ans: Raja Bahu Sen in 1200 A.D; A

Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs Quiz: Test Your Knowledge

Welcome to "HP Study Zone" a blog dedicated to Himachal Pradesh General Knowledge!
Aspiring candidates preparing for Allied Services Exams, Administrative Services, HPSSSB, HPPSC, and Staff Nurse Examinations must be well-versed in the latest happenings in the state. To help you assess your knowledge and stay updated, I have compiled a challenging Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs Quiz. Attempt these without looking at the answers and put your understanding to the test!

1. Which district of Himachal Pradesh is known as the "Valley of Gods"?
Answer: Kullu Explanation: Kullu district, located in the Kullu Valley of Himachal Pradesh, is often referred to as the "Valley of Gods" due to its rich cultural heritage and numerous temples dedicated to various deities. The district is renowned for its scenic beauty, picturesque landscapes, and religious significance.
2. In which year was Himachal Pradesh declared a separate state of the Indian Union?
Answer: 1971 Explanation: Himachal Pradesh became a separate state of the Indian Union on January 25, 1971. Before that, it was a part of the state of Punjab. The state was formed by merging several princely states and territories.

3. Which Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) outpost is the highest in the world and located in Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Shipki La Explanation: The Shipki La Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) outpost is the highest in the world and is situated in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. It is an important border post between India and China (Tibet).

4. Which Indian state shares its border with Himachal Pradesh to the south?
Answer: Haryana Explanation: Haryana shares its border with Himachal Pradesh to the south. The two states are separated by the Shivalik Hills, which form a natural boundary between them.

5. The famous "Kinner Kailash" peak is located in which district of Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Kinnaur Explanation: The "Kinner Kailash" peak, also known as "Kinner Kailash Parvat," is located in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. It is a sacred mountain revered by both Hindus and Buddhists and holds immense religious significance.

6. The Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in which district of Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Kullu Explanation: The Great Himalayan National Park, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is situated in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. The park is renowned for its diverse flora, fauna, and pristine Himalayan landscapes.

7. What is the name of the traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh, which involves dancers balancing earthen pots on their heads?
Answer: Nati Explanation: Nati is the traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh, characterized by vibrant costumes, rhythmic movements, and the skillful balancing of earthen pots (handis) on the dancers' heads. It is performed during various festive occasions and cultural events.

8. Which river flows through the famous Rewalsar Lake in Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Beas River Explanation: The Rewalsar Lake, also known as "Tso Pema" in Tibetan, is fed by three mountain streams and is situated in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. It is believed to be associated with Guru Padmasambhava and is considered sacred by Buddhists, Hindus, and Sikhs.

9. Who was the founder of the princely state of Chamba in Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Raja Sahil Varman Explanation: Raja Sahil Varman, also known as Raja Sahila Varman, was the founder of the princely state of Chamba in the 7th century AD. He established Chamba as the capital of the kingdom, and the dynasty ruled the region for centuries.

10. The historic "Kangra Fort" is situated in which district of Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Kangra Explanation: The Kangra Fort, one of the largest and oldest forts in India, is located in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. It holds significant historical and architectural importance and has witnessed several battles and rulers throughout its existence.

11. Which festival is celebrated with grand processions and music in Kullu Valley to honor Lord Raghunath?
Answer: Kullu Dussehra Explanation: Kullu Dussehra is a week-long festival celebrated in the Kullu Valley of Himachal Pradesh during the Dussehra festival season. The highlight of the festival is the grand procession of Lord Raghunath's idol, taken out in a beautifully decorated chariot.

12. In which district is the famous rock-cut temple complex of Masrur, often referred to as the "Himalayan Pyramid" situated?
Answer: Kangra Explanation: The rock-cut temple complex of Masrur, also known as Masroor, is located in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. The complex consists of a group of monolithic rock-cut temples, resembling a pyramid in architectural style, dedicated to various Hindu deities.

13. Which lake in Himachal Pradesh is also known as the "Floating Lake" due to the presence of a floating mass of vegetation on its surface?
Answer: Prashar Lake Explanation: Prashar Lake, situated in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, is known as the "Floating Lake" due to the presence of a floating island of vegetation on its surface. The lake is surrounded by snow-capped peaks and is believed to be sacred.

14. The renowned "Bhuri Singh Museum" that exhibits rare artefacts and manuscripts is located in which district of Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Chamba Explanation: The Bhuri Singh Museum, named after Raja Bhuri Singh of Chamba, is located in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. The museum showcases a vast collection of historical artefacts, ancient manuscripts, paintings, and sculptures related to the region's history and culture.

15. Who was the founder of the princely state of Mandi in Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Bahu Sen Explanation: Bahu Sen, also known as Raja Bahu Sen, was the founder of the princely state of Mandi in Himachal Pradesh. He established Mandi as an independent state and became its first ruler.

16. In which district is the famous Tabo Monastery, often called the "Ajanta of the Himalayas," located?
Answer: Lahaul and Spiti Explanation: The Tabo Monastery, located in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, is one of the oldest functioning monasteries in the Himalayas. It is renowned for its ancient murals and exquisite frescoes, earning it the title of "Ajanta of the Himalayas."

17. Which pass connects the Lahaul and Spiti valleys in Himachal Pradesh, providing a vital link to the northernmost regions?
Answer: Kunzum Pass Explanation: Kunzum Pass is a high mountain pass situated in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It connects the Kullu Valley to the Lahaul and Spiti valleys and serves as an important trade route.

18. What is the name of the traditional wooden temple architecture style of Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Kath-Kuni Explanation: Kath-Kuni is the traditional wooden temple architecture style of Himachal Pradesh. It involves using interlocking wooden beams without the use of any cement or metal, creating sturdy and earthquake-resistant structures.

19. Which river in Himachal Pradesh is famous for the Bhakra Dam?
Answer: Sutlej River Explanation: The Sutlej River, also spelled as Satluj River, is one of the major rivers of Himachal Pradesh and is known for its contribution to the Bhakra Dam, one of the largest dams in India.

20. The Kinnaur Kailash range is sacred to which deity in Hindu mythology?
Answer: Lord Shiva Explanation: The Kinnaur Kailash range, located in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, is considered sacred to Lord Shiva. It is believed to be one of the abodes of the Mahadeva.

21. Which ancient trade route passed through Himachal Pradesh, connecting India to Tibet?
Answer: Trans-Himalayan Trade Route Explanation: The Trans-Himalayan Trade Route, also known as the Silk Route, was an ancient trade route that passed through Himachal Pradesh, connecting India to Tibet and Central Asia. It played a crucial role in the exchange of goods, culture, and ideas between the two regions.

22. Which famous pilgrimage site in Himachal Pradesh is associated with the Guru Padmasambhava?
Answer: Rewalsar Lake Explanation: Rewalsar Lake, located in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, is associated with Guru Padmasambhava, also known as Guru Rinpoche. The lake is believed to have appeared miraculously, and it is considered sacred by Buddhists.

23. Who was the founder of the princely state of Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Raja Bir Chand Explanation: Raja Bir Chand was the founder of the princely state of Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh. He established Bilaspur as an independent state and became its first ruler.

24. Which is one of the highest motorable passes in Himachal Pradesh, often called the "Gateway to Lahaul"?
Answer: Rohtang Pass Explanation: Rohtang Pass is situated at an elevation of about 3,978 meters (13,051 feet) above sea level. It connects the Kullu Valley to the Lahaul and Spiti valleys and provides access to the remote regions of Lahaul.

25. Which lake in Himachal Pradesh is located in Chamba and is a favorite tourist destination?
Answer: Chamera Lake Explanation: Chamera Lake, also known as Chamera Reservoir, is an artificial lake located in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. The lake is formed by the Chamera Dam due to the construction of Chamera Hydroelectric project.

26. The famous "Kangra School" of painting originated in the princely state of Kangra under the patronage of which ruler?
Answer: Raja Sansar Chand Explanation: The Kangra School of painting originated and flourished in the princely state of Kangra under the patronage of Raja Sansar Chand. This art form is renowned for its exquisite miniature paintings, often depicting themes of love and devotion, inspired by Radha-Krishna legends.

27. Which hill station in Himachal Pradesh is often called the "Queen of Hills" and is known for its British-era architecture?
Answer: Shimla Explanation: Shimla, the capital city of Himachal Pradesh, is often referred to as the "Queen of Hills." It was the summer capital of British India and is famous for its colonial-era architecture, Mall Road, and scenic surroundings.

28. In which district is the picturesque Parashar Lake, famous for its floating island and ancient pagoda-style temple, located?
Answer: Mandi Explanation: Parashar Lake is located in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. The lake is known for its mesmerizing beauty, floating island, and the ancient three-storied pagoda-style temple dedicated to Sage Parashara.

29. What is the highest point in Himachal Pradesh, also known as "Chhota Kailash"?
Answer: Shrikhand Mahadev Explanation: Shrikhand Mahadev is the highest point in Himachal Pradesh, situated in the Kullu district. It is a sacred mountain peak and a challenging pilgrimage destination for devotees of Lord Shiva.

30. The famous "Kaza" town, located in Spiti Valley, is the sub-divisional headquarters of which district in Himachal Pradesh?
Answer: Lahaul and Spiti Explanation: Kaza is the sub-divisional headquarters of the Lahaul and Spiti district in Himachal Pradesh. It is the largest town in Spiti Valley and serves as an important administrative center and a gateway for tourists exploring the region.

                                                                                                 Stay Tuned for PART 2...


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